Introduction to Medical Imaging Systems: Computerised tomography, magnetic tomography, endoscopic systems, ultrasound devices. Medical image reconstruction methods: image reconstruction algorithms (single projection, filtered back projection, repetitive algorithms), artefacts in the reconstructed images, 3D tomography. Axial tomography: Physical principles, X-ray axial tomography devices, data retrieval geometry, tomographic image reconstruction, helicoid axial tomograph. Nuclear medicine and SPECT tomography: radiopharmaceuticals, Anger Camera, principles of operation, devices and SPECT image reconstruction. Positron Emission Tomography (PET): physical principles, radiopharmaceuticals, devices, image reconstruction, clinical applications. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR): Principles, Bloch equation solutions, tracing devices, pulse series, relaxation processes and their measurement, NMR imaging equation. Ultrasound (US) Imaging Techniques: physical principles, sound production and tracing, pulse-echo ultrasound imaging, real time ultrasound imaging, Doppler ultrasound imaging, ultrasound tomography, ultrasound imaging techniques evaluation. Diffraction tomography: projections in diffraction tomography, approximate solutions of the wave equation, the Fourier diffraction theorem, reconstruction algorithms. Interaction between Radio Frequency electromagnetic waves and biological tissue: electrical properties of biological tissue, biological effects of electromagnetic waves, dosimetry features and safety limits for electromagnetic waves exposure.
D. Koutsouris, K. S. Nikita
The link for the course material in mycourses is here.