Small animal imaging is a very important research field in order to develop new radiopharmaceuticals for clinical application. Still clinical used devices are not optimised for small animal imaging, where very high spatial resolution and sensitivity is needed. A new generation of compact gamma cameras based on Position Sensitive Photomutiplier Tubes (PSPMTs) offer submillimeter resolution. These detectors are used in small animal imaging since the performance of such cameras meets the need of high resolution and high sensitivity. Such systems find clinical application as well. The most promising field for such a system is scintimammography, where metabolic information is necessary in order to discriminate benign from malicious tumors. Several parameters of imaging with PSPMTs can be studied and optimised, including crystals, collimators, data acquisition and signal and image analysis. ΑThe main objective of the proposed project is the optimization of a dedicated camera suitable for small animal imaging, which is hosted by the Greek part. In terms of this project the Greek and the Albanian team will collaborate in order to exchange knowledge in the field of detector development, crystal simulation and medical imaging. The optimised detector will be assessed using phantoms, small animals and possibly patients.
An Integrated Broadband Telecommunication Pilot Telecervices-platform for Improving Health Care Provision in the Region of Mediterranean - INTERMED
Aim of the proposed project is the design, development and management of a pilot trans-, East-Mediterranean broadband communication platform for the provision of medical services for both citizens and travellers in remote/isolated regions of Mediterranean Sea , and in board ships travelling across it. The services will improve the quality of life and the feeling of safety concerning the health of citizens and travellers in the aforementioned area, through, among others, t ele-collaboration, tele-monitoring, tele-diagnosis, and e learning capabilities.
Line of postgraduate courses of total duration of 60 hours with regard to subjects of electromagnetic compatibility in systems of wireless communications with accent in the systems of mobile communications of 3G (UMTS).
The project attempts to study the effects on the general population - with emphasis on children - due to non ionizing electromagnetic radiation of mobile terminal equipment and base stations of mobile communications and identify measures for their protection.
Monte-Carlo simulation of new generation, high resolution, small dimension positron emission tomography systems (small animal PET)
The aim of the proposed research work is the study, using Monte-Carlo simulation, of a new generation, high-resolution, small-dimension positron emission tomography systems suitable for small animal imaging (small animal PET) and potentially for the detection of small size breast tumours. Such small animal PET systems have been used experimentally for imaging of breast phantoms and lately clinical studies have shown that this technique can be used complementary to standard X-ray mammography, towards an accurate and early diagnosis of the disease, which plays a significant role in the design of the treatment plan and the treatment outcome. Monte-Carlo simulation is a tool that is widely used during the design steps. When the components of the system are described in detail, Monte-Carlo simulation takes into account the geometry, the characteristics, the physical properties of the materials and the possible interactions with incident photons and "predicts" systems response. Monte-Carlo simulations will be carried out using dedicated codes, simSET and GATE. The results of these studies will be used during the design steps of the detector systems in order to optimize their performance. The implementation of the simulation will be based on the GRID concept, using the EGEE platform (Enabling Grids for E-science in Europe), which is built on the GEANT EU research network, as it also occurs with the GATE platform.
The main objective is to obtain a better understanding of possible health impacts of emerging technologies, especially related to communication and information technologies, that may result in exposure to electro-magnetic fields.
Development of algorithms for solving the inverse scattering problem in order to define the shape and the diffraction index of biological media. Development of computerized source-code for serial and parallel execution.
Development of a system for virtual simulation and treatment planning in radiation oncology. Advanced digital image processing techniques have been applied to CT images. Additionally, tools for three-dimensional (3D) visualization of organs or selected regions of interest have been implemented. The system incorporates a database where patient data and relevant information can be stored and retrieved. The access in the database is permitted only to authorized users. The user-friendly interface makes the software handy and accessible to clinicians, while telematic components allow tele-collaboration with other clinics.
Formulation of standards for experimental and numerical procedures used to evaluate the exposure of human head in electromagnetic radiation of mobile phones. Design of mobile phone antennas and device structures in order to minimize human head exposure.