The project attempts to study the effects on the general population - with emphasis on children - due to non ionizing electromagnetic radiation of mobile terminal equipment and base stations of mobile communications and identify measures for their protection.
Monte-Carlo simulation of new generation, high resolution, small dimension positron emission tomography systems (small animal PET)
The aim of the proposed research work is the study, using Monte-Carlo simulation, of a new generation, high-resolution, small-dimension positron emission tomography systems suitable for small animal imaging (small animal PET) and potentially for the detection of small size breast tumours. Such small animal PET systems have been used experimentally for imaging of breast phantoms and lately clinical studies have shown that this technique can be used complementary to standard X-ray mammography, towards an accurate and early diagnosis of the disease, which plays a significant role in the design of the treatment plan and the treatment outcome. Monte-Carlo simulation is a tool that is widely used during the design steps. When the components of the system are described in detail, Monte-Carlo simulation takes into account the geometry, the characteristics, the physical properties of the materials and the possible interactions with incident photons and "predicts" systems response. Monte-Carlo simulations will be carried out using dedicated codes, simSET and GATE. The results of these studies will be used during the design steps of the detector systems in order to optimize their performance. The implementation of the simulation will be based on the GRID concept, using the EGEE platform (Enabling Grids for E-science in Europe), which is built on the GEANT EU research network, as it also occurs with the GATE platform.
The main objective is to obtain a better understanding of possible health impacts of emerging technologies, especially related to communication and information technologies, that may result in exposure to electro-magnetic fields.
Development of algorithms for solving the inverse scattering problem in order to define the shape and the diffraction index of biological media. Development of computerized source-code for serial and parallel execution.
Development of a system for virtual simulation and treatment planning in radiation oncology. Advanced digital image processing techniques have been applied to CT images. Additionally, tools for three-dimensional (3D) visualization of organs or selected regions of interest have been implemented. The system incorporates a database where patient data and relevant information can be stored and retrieved. The access in the database is permitted only to authorized users. The user-friendly interface makes the software handy and accessible to clinicians, while telematic components allow tele-collaboration with other clinics.
Formulation of standards for experimental and numerical procedures used to evaluate the exposure of human head in electromagnetic radiation of mobile phones. Design of mobile phone antennas and device structures in order to minimize human head exposure.
Development of an integrated system for CT data archiving, management and diagnosis support, enabling also telematic cooperation between remote users. The system provides DICOM compatible tools for digital image processing and database management of CT images. The software features algorithms for image pre-processing, tools for manual or semi-automatic segmentation, automatic calculation of geometrical features, and three-dimensional (3D) visualization of organs or selected regions of interest.
Biomedical effects of electromagnetic fields, with emphasis on the mobile phone users. Application of electromagnetic waves in medicine.
The project scope was on the one hand the "virtualisation" of the complete treatment planning procedure, and on the other hand to make the virtual patient available of different sites than those of its physical location, thus allowing telematics co-operation of radio-oncology centres. The project efforts have been focused on developing the innovative telematics tasks and implementing these on existing professional and commercially available technology.